Shareholders agreements are absolutely essential to the long term success of any corporate enterprise that is owned by more than one individual. Yet, it is highly unfortunate that far too many companies either fail to have a unanimous shareholders agreement or have an agreement that is inadequate its ability to carry-out the shareholders' true intent. For a shareholders agreement needs to properly reflect the shareholders' current collective intention for the company's operations and exit strategies. Without such coherence in this legal document, the corporation will find itself facing significant legal turmoil in the future as most attempt to overcome the agreement's deficiencies, will creating unnecessary tension and animosity amongst the shareholders, in an often futile and costly effort to achieve some form of resolution, with which no one is almost ever happy with.

As such, it makes sense to retain experienced legal counsel and properly negotiated and execute your company's shareholders' agreement such that it conforms to your requirements, or is otherwise acceptable in light of what has been bargained for with your fellow shareholders and other parties having a stake in your business enterprise. 

At Neufeld Legal P.C., we assist corporate shareholders in making the appropriate decisions with respect to the drafting and implementation of unanimous shareholders agreements. Contact us at by telephone at 416-887-9702 (Toronto area) / 403-400-4092 (Calgary) or via email at Chris@NeufeldLegal.com.

Oppression Remedy - shareholders (O.B.C.A.)
248. (1) A complainant and, in the case of an offering corporation, the Commission may apply to the court for an order under this section.
(2) Where, upon an application under subsection (1), the court is satisfied that in respect of a corporation or any of its affiliates,
(a) any act or omission of the corporation or any of its affiliates effects or threatens to effect a result;
(b) the business or affairs of the corporation or any of its affiliates are, have been or are threatened to be carried on or conducted in a manner; or
(c) the powers of the directors of the corporation or any of its affiliates are, have been or are threatened to be exercised in a manner,
that is oppressive or unfairly prejudicial to or that unfairly disregards the interests of any security holder, creditor, director or officer of the corporation, the court may make an order to rectify the matters complained of.
Court order
(3) In connection with an application under this section, the court may make any interim or final order it thinks fit including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing,
(a) an order restraining the conduct complained of;
(b) an order appointing a receiver or receiver-manager;
(c) an order to regulate a corporationís affairs by amending the articles or by-laws or creating or amending a unanimous shareholder agreement;
(d) an order directing an issue or exchange of securities;
(e) an order appointing directors in place of or in addition to all or any of the directors then in office;
(f) an order directing a corporation, subject to subsection (6), or any other person, to purchase securities of a security holder;
(g) an order directing a corporation, subject to subsection (6), or any other person, to pay to a security holder any part of the money paid by the security holder for securities;
(h) an order varying or setting aside a transaction or contract to which a corporation is a party and compensating the corporation or any other party to the transaction or contract;
(i) an order requiring a corporation, within a time specified by the court, to produce to the court or an interested person financial statements in the form required by section 154 or an accounting in such other form as the court may determine;
(j) an order compensating an aggrieved person;
(k) an order directing rectification of the registers or other records of a corporation under section 250;
(l) an order winding up the corporation under section 207;
(m) an order directing an investigation under Part XIII be made; and
(n) an order requiring the trial of any issue.
(4) Where an order made under this section directs amendment of the articles or by-laws of a corporation,
(a) the directors shall forthwith comply with subsection 186 (4); and
(b) no other amendment to the articles or by-laws shall be made without the consent of the court, until the court otherwise orders.
Shareholder may not dissent
(5) A shareholder is not entitled to dissent under section 185 if an amendment to the articles is effected under this section.
Where corporation prohibited from paying shareholder
(6) A corporation shall not make a payment to a shareholder under clause (3) (f) or (g) if there are reasonable grounds for believing that,
(a) the corporation is or, after the payment, would be unable to pay its liabilities as they become due; or
(b) the realizable value of the corporationís assets would thereby be less than the aggregate of its liabilities.

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